Tags: CPA Sarasota, QuickBooks Bookkeeping, self-employment tax, Tax Planning

Self-employment taxes are substantial, and most people want to minimize them. Self-employed taxpayers often avoid self-employment taxes by operating as an S corporation.

The distributions from the S corporation are not subject to self-employment tax.

But Social Security and Medicare tax must be paid on the shareholders’ employee compensation (which must be reasonable based on the services they provide). S corporations are also subject to various legal restrictions that can be inconvenient.

How about using the partnership form to avoid self-employment tax?

This doesn’t work for general partnerships because general partners always have to pay self-employment taxes on their distributive share of the ordinary income earned from the partnership’s business.

But what about limited partnerships? These are partnerships that contain two classes of partners:

  1. General partners who are personally liable for partnership debts and manage the business
  2. Limited partners whose personal liability for partnership debts is limited to the amount of money or other property they contribute

The tax law provides that limited partners “as such” don’t have to pay self-employment tax on their distributive share of partnership income.

Moreover, in about half the states, limited partnership laws have been revised to permit limited partners to work for the partnership without losing their limited liability.

Does this mean limited partners in many states can work for the partnership and avoid paying self-employment tax on their share of the partnership income? High-earning limited partners—hedge fund managers, for example—could save substantial tax if this were the case.

Unfortunately, in Soroban, a recent precedential decision involving a highly successful hedge fund and well-paid limited partners, the U.S. Tax Court held that the answer to this question is “no.”

The court held that the limited partner exception to self-employment taxes applies only to limited partners who are passive investors, not to those actively involved in the partnership business.

Soroban is the latest in a series of cases involving self-employment taxes for partnership-like entities that the IRS has won. The other cases involved active participants in a state limited liability partnership, a limited liability company taxed as a partnership, and a professional limited liability company. Only passive investors in these entities can avoid self-employment tax.

Encouraged by these victories, the IRS is writing regulations requiring a functional analysis to determine whether a person is a limited partner. The IRS is also likely to conduct more self-employment audits of limited partnerships.

Here’s How We Can Help

Sterling Tax and Accounting is here to help your business with tax planning!  Our comprehensive approach to tax planning helps reduce your overall tax liability and keep more money in your pocket.  If all your accountant does is file your taxes, chances are they are making you pay more than your fair share of taxes.

Learn how to proactively save on taxes by scheduling a call with our tax planning specialists.

Our tax planning, accounting & business services help you stay on track. Sterling Tax & Accounting will work with you to optimize your business and minimize your taxes. We will work to provide you and your business with the tools and resources you need to build a solid tax and business foundation. We’re a trusted CPA Firm in Sarasota, Florida. We serve clients all over the US, and proactively work to minimize their taxes.

Welcome to the Sterling Standard of business!  Want to learn more?  Schedule a meeting with our tax planning team here:  https://www.sterling.cpa/contact-us/

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